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The European Parliament against the death penalty in the world (05/07/01):
 resolution and amendments worked out by Lucio Manisco and others

European Parliament
Texts Adopted by Parliament

Death penalty in the world

B5-0484, 0486, 0497, 0504, 0512 and 0527/2001

European Parliament resolution on the death penalty in the world and the introduction of a European Day against the Death Penalty

The European Parliament,

- having regard to its previous resolutions on the death penalty,

- having regard to its resolution of 14 May 1998(1) on the trade of human organs transplanted from executed people in the People's Republic of China,

- having regard to its resolution of 5 July 2001 on Human Rights in the World(2) in 2000 and the European Union's policy on human rights,

- having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, signed on 10 December 1948, and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed on 4 November 1950,

- having regard to Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union,

- having regard to the European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights which was proclaimed at the Nice European Council on 7 December 2000 and, in particular, Articles 2 and 19 thereof,

- having regard to the call by the presidents of national and international parliaments for the abolition of the death penalty signed at the World Congress against the Death Penalty on 22 June 2001 in Strasbourg,

- having regard to the previous resolutions of the UN Commission on Human Rights,

 

A. reiterating that the abolition of the death penalty, which is iniquitous, degrading and contrary to the universal principles of justice, is essential to the affirmation of human dignity and for the progressive development of human rights, the first of which is the right to life,

B. whereas the death penalty is carried out in thirty-eight of the US States, often unfairly against the innocent, the poor, minorities, the mentally ill, the mentally retarded and juveniles,

C. congratulating the Swedish Presidency on its excellent and exemplary efforts to implement the EU guidelines on the death penalty, and underlining that this question should continue to be one of the highest human rights priorities under the Belgian Presidency,

D. regretting, nevertheless, that according to Amnesty International during the year 2000 at least 1,475 prisoners were executed and 3,058 individuals were sentenced to death; stressing that 88% of these executions took place in only four countries: China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United States of America; regretting also that amongst those executed there were many who had not reached the age of majority at the time of their crime or were mentally handicapped,

E. stressing in this light the importance of the first World Congress Against the Death Penalty, which took place in Strasbourg on 21, 22 and 23 June 2001,

F. concerned at the high number of miscarriages of justice leading to the application of the death penalty, as exemplified by the case of Joaquín José Martínez, who was recently acquitted after spending several years awaiting execution,

 

1. Supports the "Strasbourg Appeal" of 22 June 2001 for the abolition of the death penalty and for a worldwide moratorium on executions to be implemented without delay;

2. Once more strongly condemns the use of the death penalty - which currently continues to be applied in 87 countries -, particularly in the case of executions of minors or mentally handicapped people;

3. Proposes that a European Day against the Death Penalty be introduced, as the ultimate means of exerting pressure for the death penalty to be abolished in those countries where it continues to exist;

4. Commits the Belgian Presidency of the Council to reintroducing and this time bringing to a vote in the United Nations General Assembly of September 2001 a resolution on the abolition of the death penalty and to taking all steps necessary to obtain its adoption;

5. Regrets the resumption of executions under federal law in the United States after a de facto moratorium of 38 years; calls on the USA to suspend any further executions and to respect the prohibition of the death penalty, as enumerated in several international instruments, against juvenile defendants, as well as the mentally handicapped; calls on the USA to withdraw forthwith its reservation concerning Article 6 of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights;

6. Calls on the Commission and the Council to make full use of the items in the 2001 budget set aside for the promotion of democracy and human rights, treating as a matter of priority and urgency any Community initiative aimed at achieving a moratorium on, and repeal of, the death penalty and giving practical support to all non-governmental organisations acting to this end;

7. Calls on the Commission to present to Parliament regular reports on the implementation of all the resolutions so far adopted;

8. Calls on the Russian Federation, Turkey and Armenia to fulfil their obligations as members of the Council of Europe and to abolish the death penalty without further delay;

9. Is deeply concerned by the recent massive recourse to execution for common crimes and ideological and religious dissent, as a supposed instrument of social control, in thePeople's Republic of China, and the inhumanity and secrecy which characterise the executions by hanging in Japan,

10. Calls on the Commission to consider the abolition of the death penalty and a universal moratorium on executions as an essential element in relations between the European Union and third countries, and to take this issue into account in concluding agreements with third countries;

11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and Commission, the Parliaments of the Member State, the governments of the countries referred to in this resolution which apply the death penalty, the UN Secretary-General and the Chairman of the UN Commission on Human Rights.
(1) OJ C 167, 1.6.1998, p. 224.

(2) Texts Adopted, Item 13.

 

Amendement 1

4th indent bis (new)

- Having regard to its resolution of 1998 on the trade of human organs transplanted from executed people in the People's Republic of China,

(or. EN)

  1. Lucio Manisco
  • Pietro Mennea
  • Giovanni Procacci
  • Luciano Caveri
  • Paolo Costa
  • Carlo Fatuzzo
  • Luisa Morgartini
  • Jonas Sjöstedt
  • Helmuth Markov
  • Herman Schmid
  • Laura Gonzales
  • Fodé Sylla
  • Yasmine Boudjenah
  • Chantal Cauquil
  • Armonia Bordes
  • Roseline Vachetta
  • Vitalino Gemelli
  • Luigi Vinci
  • Fausto Bertinotti
  • Maurizio Turco
  • Pernille Frahm
  • Patricia McKenna
  • Alain Krivine
  • Giuseppe Di Lello Finuoli
  • Gianfranco Dell'Alba
  • Luckas Vander Taelen
  • Mariotto Segni
  • Renato Brunetta
  • Antonio Tajani
  • Enrico Ferri
  • Emma Bonino
  • Claudio Martelli
  • Wolfgang Kreissl-Dörfler
  • Esko Seppänen
  • Gianni Vattimo
  • André Brie

 

Amendment 2

art. 8 bis (new)

deeply concerned by the new massive recourse to executions for common crimes, ideological and religious dissent, as assumed instrument of social control, in the People's Republic of China, and the dishumanity and secrecy which characterise the executions by hanging in Japan,

motivation

800 executions on May 2001 and the "suicide" on July 2001 of a dozen detained members of the Falun Gong religious movement in People's Republic of China. Testimonies by Japanese individuals, sentenced to death and then released after being found innocents, on their long isolation, harsh conditions of incarceration and, for their less fortunate companions, a one hour notice before being brought to the scaffold.

(or. EN)

  1. Lucio Manisco
  • Pietro Mennea
  • Giovanni Procacci
  • Luciano Caveri
  • Paolo Costa
  • Carlo Fatuzzo
  • Luisa Morgartini
  • Jonas Sjöstedt
  • Helmuth Markov
  • Herman Schmid
  • Laura Gonzales
  • Fodé Sylla
  • Yasmine Boudjenah
  • Chantal Cauquil
  • Armonia Bordes
  • Roseline Vachetta
  • Vitalino Gemelli
  • Luigi Vinci
  • Fausto Bertinotti
  • Maurizio Turco
  • Pernille Frahm
  • Patricia McKenna
  • Alain Krivine
  • Giuseppe Di Lello Finuoli
  • Gianfranco Dell'Alba
  • Luckas Vander Taelen
  • Mariotto Segni
  • Renato Brunetta
  • Antonio Tajani
  • Enrico Ferri
  • Emma Bonino
  • Claudio Martelli
  • Wolfgang Kreissl-Dörfler
  • Esko Seppänen
  • Gianni Vattimo
  • André Brie
  • Clemente Mastella
 

The resolution, including the amendments by Lucio Manisco and others, was approved by a wide majority.

B5-0484/2001 - RC- / death penalty in the world - am. 1 (by Lucio Manisco and others): approved

                 For

EDD: Belder, Blokland, van Dam
ELDR: Attwooll, Beysen, Busk, Cox, Olsson, Schmidt, Virrankoski, Wallis, Wiebenga
GUE/NGL: Bordes, Cauquil, Koulourianos, Manisco, Markov, Meijer
NI: Berthu
PPE-DE: Bowis, Langen, Langenhagen, Stevenson, Zissener
PSE: Aparicio Sánchez, Baltas, Casaca, Cashman, Ettl, Gebhardt, Gillig, Görlach, Iivari, Kindermann, Malliori, Martínez Martínez, Mastorakis, Medina Ortega, Paasilinna, Prets, Santkin, Schulz, Souladakis, Swoboda, Torres Marques, Van Lancker, Vattimo, Zrihen
TDI: Dupuis
UEN: Ribeiro e Castro
Verts/ALE: Buitenweg, Evans Jillian, Lagendijk, Lambert, MacCormick, McKenna, Mayol i Raynal, Schroedter, Sörensen, Staes

Against 

PPE-DE: Arvidsson, Bradbourn, Callanan, Camisón Asensio, Cederschiöld, Cushnahan, Daul, Ebner, Fraga Estevez, Goepel, Goodwill, Grönfeldt Bergman, Grossetęte, Gutiérrez-Cortines, Heaton-Harris, Hermange, Jeggle, Karas, Keppelhoff-Wiechert, Knolle, Koch, Mann Thomas, Marques, Martens, Mayer Hans-Peter, Mayer Xaver, Nassauer, Ojeda Sanz, Podestŕ, Posselt, Purvis, Sacrédeus, Sommer, Stenmarck, Wenzel-Perillo, Wieland, Zacharakis

Abstention 

GUE/NGL: Alyssandrakis

PPE-DE: Flemming, Menrad, Tannock

LEGEND:  political groups

 

PPE/DE: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) /European Democrats

PSE:  Party of European Socialists

ELDR: European Liberal Democrats

Verts/ALE:  Greens/European Free Alliance

GUE/NGL: European United Left (Communists)/Nordic Green Left

UEN:  Union for Europe of the Nations

TDI: Technical Group of the Independent MEP/Mixed group

EDD:Europe of Democracies and Diversities

NI: (not belonging to any group)